At Gauribas village of Mahottari district that lies just a km north of East-West Highway, 15 nuclear families make a single large family. All these families have collectivized their ancestral property and have been living as a big joint family for eight years. This big family is named \\\'Aadharsheela\\\' which comprises families of standing committee and politbureau members as well as some central committee members of Unified CPN (Maoist).
In 2004,this family was formed as a care-center of children and other family members of the whole-time leaders and cadres affiliated to then CPN (Unity Centre), which united in 2008 with CPN (Maoist) which was renamed as Unified CPN (Maoist).On the occasion of eighth anniversary, the \\\'Aadharsheela\\\' family invited various Maoist leaders, locals and media persons. Till two years back, this was located in Siraha district.
This family\\\'s residential area at Gauribasis about 15 katthas of land that include four single-storeyed buildings. One more building is being built which is planned to make a study-centre in the memory of Jai Govinda Shah, one of the dedicated leaders of Nepali Communist movement, who came from Terai.Maoist standing committee members Girirajmani Pokhrel, Politbureau Member Bishownath Shah are its family members. This \\\'family\\\' has 37 members at present.
Pokhrel, the chairman of this \\\'Aadharsheela\\\' family, says this is a party commune and has not yet been people\\\'s commune. He hopes high that this can serve as an inspiration source for the Maoist leaders and cadres as the living system. He gives examples of Venezuela where more than 300 communes have been developed in the past decade and thinks that such types of communes can be developed in Nepal too. Other family member, Politbureau member of UCPN (Maoist) informs that the care center of family members of whole-time leaders and cadres has been developed as a commune.
This commune tolerates no discrimination based on ethnicity or castes. People from Brahmins, Chhetris, indeginious, Madhesis communities have come together to make the single family. So, what is the bond that brings them all together? The only tie is politics and ideology i.e. the socialist and communist ideology. All of them are the members of a party Unified CPN-Maoist. So, they prefer to call it a \\\'party commune\\\'.
To run and sustain the family, members of Aadharsheela are engaged in various productive and social works. This family has been running a spice-factory in its resident premises. \\\'Ruchi Spice factory\\\' produces various items of spices which are sold in nearby town and in the Capital city, Kathmndu. Shiv Funyal, who looks after the retailer in Kathmandu, says their product is liked by the people and the market is expanding. Likewise, sugarcane farming is done in the adjoining district of Sarlahi. Paddy farming is also undertaken for their own daily consumption.
Similarly, members of Aadharsheela have some shares in two hospitals of nearby towns. Parijat people\\\'s hospital and Numanda Community hospital are running well and the income of those hospitals helps this family in running. Likewise, a girl’s hostel is in operation in Kathmandu.
Krishna B Mahara, who was the chief guest in the eighth anniversary of this party commune, views that this is a new culture and newer economic system. Stating about the people\\\'s commune developed during the people\\\'s war in the western part of Nepal, he assures that the Party will preserve these communes developing special mechanisms.
During the people\\\'s war, four communes namely Juni in Jajarkot district, Jaljala and Ajambari in Rolpa District and Balidan in Rukum district were formed and developed where dozens of families had joined. Similar to Aadharsheela, Diwakar Balgram commune is also functioning in Chitwan district.
The Nepalese society is jumping into the capitalist stage where families are becoming nuclear. The families are fragmenting and social relations are getting complex. In this particular situation these type of practices are so much challenging. But, these communes can play as the embryo of the socialist social system which the Nepalese communists are trying to establish in Nepal.